RIO TINTO PLANS FOR SERBIA LITHIUM MINE SUSPENDED AFTER PROTESTS
Rio Tinto plans for Serbia lithium mine suspended after protests
Associated Press in Belgrade via The Guardian | 17 December 2021
Image above: The Jadar valley where Rio Tinto plans to build a mine, near Loznica. Photograph: Oliver Bunic/AFP/Getty Images
Local authorities in western Serbia have suspended a plan that would allow the mining company Rio Tinto to operate a lithium mine, after protests by environmentalists that shook the country’s populist leadership.
The mining had been expected to start in the near future, but a town council in Loznica voted to suspend a regional development plan that permitted the excavation of lithium. The vote followed the suspension last week of two key laws in Serbia’s parliament that ecologists said would help the multinational firm start the project.
For three consecutive weekends, thousands of protesters in Belgrade and elsewhere in Serbia blocked main roads and bridges to oppose Rio Tinto’s plan to launch a $2.4bn (£1.4bn) mining operation in the country. The protests were the biggest challenge yet to the increasingly autocratic rule of the Serbian president, Aleksandar Vučić.
“Whether there will be a mine depends on people [in western Serbia] and the study on environmental impact assessment,” said the prime minister, Ana Brnabić. “These are the two conditions that the president stated earlier.”
Rio Tinto said in a statement on Thursday that it worked in accordance with laws and the highest professional standards throughout its 10-year presence in Serbia in order to launch “the largest mining investment in this part of the world”.
“We understand the interest of citizens in everything that happens in connection with the project, and we will continue to provide information on all aspects of the project for which we are responsible and in which we participate,” the statement said, according to the independent Beta news agency.
Although Rio Tinto said it would adhere to all the latest environmental protection standards, organisers of the weekend protests said the lithium excavation could inflict lasting ecological damage to rivers and farmland in the region.
Now that the lithium mine plans are on hold, Vučić said earlier this week that from now on “we will have to speak in a different way to Rio Tinto and others”.
Lithium, which is used in batteries for electric cars, is considered one of the most sought-after metals of the future as the world shifts to more renewable energy sources.
As Serbia faces an electricity shortage, Vučić has ignored European Union pleas for countries to reduce CO2 emissions and pledged to continue and even expand coal mining for power plants.
Environmentalists are upset at the Serbian government’s lack of response to rising pollution in the country.