A large area in Ontario, Canada known as the ‘Ring of Fire’ is currently vulnerable to new mining operations from Australian companies.
Nickel is rapidly emerging as a ‘critical’ metal for the shift toward electric vehicles (EVs) and battery energy storage.
The Panguna mine in Bougainville that operated from 1971 to 1989 left a decade of civil war in its entrails, environmental destruction and social upheaval.
As a part of a mega energy-infrastructure project, a large-scale open pit copper mine has been proposed by Pan Aust, a Chinese owned company listed in Australia, on a culturally and ecologically significant river region in Sepik in Papua New Guinea.
Australian-Canadian OceanaGold has received international attention for grave human rights and environmental concerns throughout the life its Dipidio copper-gold mine.